Sufism, also known as Tasawwuf, is a mystical dimension of Islam that seeks to attain spiritual nearness to God through a process of self-purification and divine love. It is a path that has been traversed by countless souls throughout history, and its teachings have profoundly influenced Islamic culture and spirituality. One of the most widely recognized frameworks for understanding the stages of Sufism is the Seven Stages of Sufism, which provides a roadmap for the spiritual journey of the seeker. In this overview, we will explore the seven stages of Sufism, their key characteristics, and the spiritual practices associated with each stage. So join us as we embark on this mystical journey and unveil the Seven Stages of Sufism.

What is Sufism?

Brief history and fundamental principles

Sufism, also known as Tasawwuf, is an ancient mystical tradition within Islam that dates back to the early days of the religion. Its followers, known as Sufis, seek to attain a deeper spiritual understanding of the divine through meditation, contemplation, and self-discipline.

The fundamental principles of Sufism are rooted in the Quran and the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad. Sufis believe that the ultimate goal of human existence is to reconnect with the divine source and attain spiritual enlightenment. They believe that this can be achieved through a process of purification of the soul, which involves the renunciation of worldly desires and the cultivation of virtues such as compassion, humility, and love.

One of the key principles of Sufism is the concept of “Tawajjuh,” or divine attraction. Sufis believe that through the practice of self-discipline and meditation, they can attract the divine presence into their hearts and souls, leading to a state of spiritual ecstasy and union with the divine.

Another important principle of Sufism is the concept of “Wahdatul Wujud,” or the unity of existence. Sufis believe that all things in the universe are connected and that ultimately, everything is a manifestation of the divine. Through the practice of Sufism, individuals can come to understand and experience this unity, leading to a profound sense of interconnectedness and unity with all of creation.

Overall, the fundamental principles of Sufism emphasize the importance of spiritual development, self-discipline, and the cultivation of virtues in the pursuit of spiritual enlightenment and union with the divine.

The quest for spiritual enlightenment

Sufism, often referred to as Islamic mysticism, is a spiritual path that aims to attain spiritual enlightenment through the love and devotion of God. This path emphasizes the inner dimension of Islam, encouraging individuals to seek a direct personal experience with the divine. The ultimate goal of Sufism is to achieve union with the divine, transcending the limitations of the self and reaching a state of purification and illumination.

Sufism has its roots in the early Islamic tradition, with many of its practices and beliefs derived from the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad and his Companions. Sufis believe that the external aspects of religion, such as rituals and laws, are important, but that they must be accompanied by a deeper inner spiritual journey. This inner journey is considered essential for achieving a true understanding of Islam and for attaining spiritual enlightenment.

The quest for spiritual enlightenment in Sufism is a lifelong process that involves various stages. These stages are not necessarily linear, and individuals may move back and forth between them as they progress on their spiritual journey. The stages of Sufism are not prescriptive but rather provide a general framework for understanding the different stages of spiritual development.

In summary, the quest for spiritual enlightenment is at the heart of Sufism. Through a combination of devotion, contemplation, and self-purification, Sufis seek to achieve a direct personal experience with the divine and ultimately attain union with the beloved.

The Seven Stages of Sufism

Key takeaway: Sufism is an ancient mystical tradition within Islam that emphasizes spiritual development, self-discipline, and the cultivation of virtues. The quest for spiritual enlightenment is at the heart of Sufism, and it involves various stages, including the Seeker’s Awakening, the Journey Begins, the Traveler’s Trials, the Sufi’s Alchemy, the Saint’s Abode, and the Path of Love and Devotion. Sufism has significantly influenced various forms of art, music, and literature throughout history.

Stage 1: The Seeker’s Awakening

The first stage of Sufism is known as “The Seeker’s Awakening,” a crucial point in the spiritual journey where the individual begins to recognize the discrepancy between their current state of being and their potential for growth and enlightenment. This stage is marked by a heightened sense of curiosity and a longing for a deeper understanding of one’s purpose and place in the world.

At this stage, the seeker begins to question the limitations of their current beliefs and starts to explore new ideas and perspectives. They may seek out spiritual teachers or communities, read sacred texts, or engage in meditation and other contemplative practices to deepen their understanding of the spiritual path.

One of the key challenges of this stage is the struggle to reconcile the material world with the spiritual realm. The seeker may experience a sense of disorientation or confusion as they grapple with the paradoxes and contradictions of existence. However, this struggle is also seen as an opportunity for growth and transformation, as the seeker begins to let go of their preconceived notions and open themselves up to new ways of seeing and being.

Ultimately, the goal of the Seeker’s Awakening stage is to cultivate a sense of curiosity and wonder, to approach the spiritual journey with an open mind and heart, and to embrace the unknown with courage and determination. By doing so, the seeker takes the first step on the mystical path, embarking on a journey of self-discovery and transformation that will ultimately lead them to the ultimate goal of spiritual enlightenment.

Stage 2: The Journey Begins

Awakening the Heart

At the second stage of Sufism, the aspirant is introduced to the journey of self-discovery and spiritual awakening. The journey begins with the purification of the heart, a process that requires the individual to let go of their ego and desires. The Sufi teacher guides the student through meditation, contemplation, and spiritual exercises to cleanse the heart of negative emotions and thoughts.

The Role of the Sufi Teacher

The Sufi teacher plays a crucial role in the journey beginning stage. They act as a guide, mentor, and spiritual friend to the aspirant, providing guidance and support on the path. The teacher’s role is to help the student navigate the challenges and obstacles they will encounter on the journey, while also nurturing their spiritual growth and development.

The Path of Love and Devotion

The journey beginning stage is characterized by the aspirant’s deepening love and devotion to God. The individual begins to experience the presence of the divine in their life, which fuels their desire to know and love God more fully. The path of love and devotion becomes the driving force behind the individual’s spiritual growth and development.

The Importance of Patience and Perseverance

The journey beginning stage also emphasizes the importance of patience and perseverance. The path of Sufism is not an easy one, and the aspirant must be willing to endure trials and tribulations to continue on the journey. The Sufi teacher encourages the student to maintain their focus and determination, even in the face of adversity.

Conclusion

The journey beginning stage is a crucial aspect of the Sufi path. It marks the beginning of the individual’s spiritual journey and sets the foundation for their continued growth and development. With the guidance of the Sufi teacher and the power of love and devotion, the aspirant embarks on a journey of self-discovery and spiritual awakening.

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Stage 3: The Wayfarer’s Guide

In the third stage of Sufism, the wayfarer embarks on a journey to seek the truth and wisdom that leads to the ultimate goal of union with the divine. This stage is marked by the seeking of knowledge and guidance from a spiritual teacher or shaykh, who acts as a guide on the path.

The wayfarer must be willing to let go of their ego and personal desires, and to submit themselves to the will of God. This stage is characterized by a deep sense of humility and the recognition of one’s own ignorance and limitations.

The shaykh plays a crucial role in this stage, as they provide the wayfarer with guidance and support on their journey. The shaykh acts as a mirror, reflecting the wayfarer’s inner state and helping them to see their own shortcomings and areas for growth.

The wayfarer must also cultivate a deep sense of love and devotion to God, known as mahabba, which serves as the driving force behind their spiritual journey. This love is not limited to emotional or romantic feelings, but rather encompasses a deep sense of awe, reverence, and submission to the divine.

The wayfarer must also cultivate a deep sense of humility, known as tawadu, which involves letting go of pride and ego and recognizing one’s own limitations and weaknesses. This humility is not a sign of weakness, but rather a sign of strength and wisdom, as it allows the wayfarer to acknowledge their own shortcomings and to learn from others.

Overall, the third stage of Sufism is marked by the seeking of knowledge and guidance from a spiritual teacher, the cultivation of humility and devotion to God, and the recognition of one’s own limitations and areas for growth.

Stage 4: The Traveler’s Trials

In the fourth stage of Sufism, the traveler faces numerous trials and tribulations as they journey towards the ultimate goal of spiritual enlightenment. These trials are seen as opportunities for growth and purification, and the traveler must confront their own ego and desires in order to move forward.

During this stage, the traveler is often confronted with various forms of temptation and distraction, which can lead them astray from their spiritual path. They must learn to overcome these obstacles through increased self-awareness and a deepening connection to their inner wisdom.

One of the key challenges faced by the traveler in this stage is the illusion of separation from the divine. They must come to understand that they are not separate from the divine, but rather a part of it, and that their true nature is pure and divine.

The traveler must also learn to embrace detachment and let go of their attachment to worldly desires and possessions. This can be a difficult task, as the ego often clings to these things and resists letting go. However, through spiritual practices such as meditation and contemplation, the traveler can cultivate a sense of detachment and non-attachment.

In addition to these challenges, the traveler may also face external obstacles such as persecution or hardship. These challenges can test their faith and determination, but can also serve as opportunities for spiritual growth and resilience.

Overall, the fourth stage of Sufism is a time of trial and tribulation, but also of growth and purification. The traveler must confront their own ego and desires, and learn to overcome obstacles through increased self-awareness and connection to their inner wisdom. Through these challenges, they move closer to the ultimate goal of spiritual enlightenment.

Stage 5: The Sufi’s Alchemy

The Journey to Self-Annihilation

The fifth stage of Sufism, also known as the Sufi’s Alchemy, marks a significant turning point in the spiritual journey. It is a stage characterized by the practice of self-annihilation (fana) and the quest for spiritual purification. The Sufi seeks to dissolve the ego and merge with the divine, embarking on a journey towards the ultimate reality.

The Path of the Gnostic

At this stage, the Sufi becomes a gnostic, one who possesses esoteric knowledge and spiritual insight. The focus shifts from external rituals and observances to the inward journey of the heart and soul. The Sufi begins to explore the inner dimensions of Islam, seeking to understand the mysteries of the faith and the nature of the divine.

The Alchemical Transformation

The Sufi’s Alchemy is a process of spiritual transformation that involves the purification of the soul and the refinement of the heart. The Sufi seeks to transcend the limitations of the self and attain a state of spiritual elevation. This stage is characterized by the practice of spiritual exercises, such as meditation, contemplation, and self-reflection, which help the Sufi to detach from worldly desires and attachments.

The Union of the Soul with the Divine

The ultimate goal of the Sufi’s Alchemy is the union of the soul with the divine. The Sufi seeks to attain a state of spiritual ecstasy, in which the boundaries between the self and the divine are dissolved. This state of spiritual unity is known as “unitive knowledge,” and it represents the ultimate stage of spiritual realization in Sufism.

The Role of the Spiritual Guide

At this stage, the Sufi may seek the guidance of a spiritual master or shaykh, who can help to guide them on the path of spiritual purification. The spiritual guide serves as a mentor and a guide, helping the Sufi to navigate the challenges and obstacles that arise on the path of spiritual growth.

The Ethical Dimension of Sufism

The Sufi’s Alchemy is not just a personal journey of spiritual transformation, but also a social and ethical project. The Sufi seeks to embody the virtues of compassion, kindness, and generosity, and to contribute to the betterment of society. The Sufi’s ethical vision is grounded in the belief that spiritual growth and social responsibility are intertwined, and that true spiritual realization can only be attained through service to others.

The Sufi’s Alchemy as a Path to God

The Sufi’s Alchemy represents a path to God that is rooted in the heart and the soul. It is a journey of spiritual transformation that involves the purification of the self, the detachment from worldly desires, and the attainment of spiritual unity with the divine. At this stage, the Sufi embarks on a journey of self-discovery and spiritual awakening, seeking to transcend the limitations of the self and attain a state of spiritual ecstasy.

Stage 6: The Mystic’s Union

In the sixth stage of Sufism, the seeker experiences a profound union with the divine. This stage is characterized by a deep sense of intimacy and connection with the divine, which transcends all rational understanding.

At this stage, the seeker has overcome the limitations of the ego and has fully surrendered to the will of the divine. The seeker’s consciousness is fully immersed in the divine presence, and the distinction between the self and the divine is no longer apparent.

This stage is often described as the “annihilation of the self” in the presence of the divine. The seeker has transcended the boundaries of the individual self and has merged with the universal consciousness.

In this state of union, the seeker experiences a profound sense of peace, joy, and love. The seeker is no longer bound by the limitations of the material world and is free to experience the divine in all its glory.

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This stage is also characterized by a deep sense of humility and submission to the divine will. The seeker recognizes that all things are ultimately a gift from the divine, and is grateful for the opportunity to experience the divine in such a profound way.

In summary, the sixth stage of Sufism is a state of union with the divine, where the seeker has transcended the limitations of the ego and has fully surrendered to the will of the divine. This stage is characterized by a deep sense of intimacy and connection with the divine, as well as a profound sense of peace, joy, and love.

Stage 7: The Saint’s Abode

In the seventh stage of Sufism, the individual reaches the level of the saint’s abode. This stage represents the culmination of the individual’s spiritual journey, where they have attained a high level of spiritual maturity and are able to live in a state of constant connection with the divine.

The Characteristics of the Saint’s Abode

At this stage, the individual exhibits several characteristics that set them apart from those at lower stages of spiritual development. These characteristics include:

  • A deep sense of humility and self-awareness
  • A constant awareness of the presence of God
  • A profound sense of love and compassion for all of creation
  • A willingness to serve others and put their needs before one’s own
  • A constant state of remembrance of God (zikr)

At this stage, the individual may have a spiritual guide who has reached a similar level of spiritual maturity. The spiritual guide serves as a mentor and guide, helping the individual to navigate the challenges and obstacles that may arise on their spiritual journey.

The Importance of Service

Service plays a significant role in the seventh stage of Sufism. The individual is called to serve others, to put their needs before their own, and to live a life of selflessness and compassion. This service can take many forms, from serving one’s community to serving the divine in all of creation.

The Goal of the Stage

The ultimate goal of the seventh stage of Sufism is to live in a constant state of connection with the divine, to be a vessel through which the divine can manifest in the world. The individual has transcended their ego and has become a reflection of the divine.

Key practices and concepts along the journey

The Path of Self-Discovery

  • Recognizing one’s ignorance and seeking knowledge
  • Purifying the heart and mind through spiritual practices
  • Cultivating humility and detachment from worldly desires

  • Developing a deep connection with the divine through love and devotion

  • Practicing remembrance of God (dhikr) and cultivating spiritual intimacy
  • Embracing the teachings of Sufi masters and saints

The Path of Unveiling

  • Reaching a state of spiritual enlightenment and insight
  • Understanding the nature of reality and the mysteries of the universe
  • Experiencing a direct connection with the divine and the interconnectedness of all things

The Path of Unity

  • Merging with the divine and becoming one with the Beloved
  • Transcending the ego and the limitations of the self
  • Achieving a state of spiritual oneness with all of creation

The Path of Knowledge and Wisdom

  • Attaining spiritual wisdom and knowledge through direct experience
  • Developing a deep understanding of the mystical path and the nature of reality
  • Sharing one’s insights and wisdom with others

The Path of Service

  • Serving others and contributing to the greater good
  • Acting as a vessel for divine blessings and grace
  • Using one’s spiritual gifts and abilities to help others

The Path of Leadership

  • Becoming a guide and mentor for others on the spiritual journey
  • Inspiring and encouraging others to follow the path of Sufism
  • Providing spiritual guidance and support to those in need

Each of these stages represents a deeper level of spiritual understanding and connection with the divine. By following the path of Sufism, seekers can unlock the secrets of the universe and achieve a state of spiritual enlightenment and oneness with the Beloved.

Influence of Sufism on art, music, and literature

Sufism, often referred to as the mystical dimension of Islam, has significantly influenced various forms of art, music, and literature throughout history. This influence is evident in the way that these creative expressions have been shaped by Sufi teachings, themes, and symbolism. In this section, we will explore the impact of Sufism on art, music, and literature, highlighting key examples and notable figures who have contributed to these cultural manifestations.

Art

Sufi art encompasses a wide range of visual expressions, including calligraphy, miniature paintings, tapestries, and ceramics. These artistic forms have been utilized to convey Sufi themes, symbols, and spiritual teachings. Sufi artists often incorporate abstract and symbolic representations of divine love, unity, and spiritual journey. The use of vibrant colors, intricate patterns, and spiritual motifs reflects the inner world of Sufi mysticism and its connection to the divine.

Music

Sufi music, also known as Qawwali or Sama, is a form of devotional music that originated in India and Pakistan. It is characterized by its emotive and spiritual qualities, often incorporating elements of poetry, calligraphy, and Islamic hymns. Sufi music serves as a medium for inducing a state of spiritual ecstasy and connecting the listener to the divine. Performances often involve the participation of the audience, fostering a sense of communal spiritual experience.

Literature

Sufi literature encompasses a rich and diverse body of works, including poetry, prose, and philosophical treatises. Notable Sufi poets such as Rumi, Hafez, and Ibn Arabi have contributed to this literary tradition, which is marked by its emphasis on love, spiritual journey, and divine unity. Sufi poetry often employs metaphor, allegory, and symbolism to convey mystical experiences and insights. Additionally, Sufi treatises and spiritual autobiographies have provided guidance and inspiration to countless seekers on the path of spiritual development.

In conclusion, the influence of Sufism on art, music, and literature is evident in the way that these creative expressions have been shaped by Sufi teachings, themes, and symbolism. The mystical dimensions of Sufism have inspired countless artists, musicians, and writers to express their spiritual journeys and experiences in diverse and imaginative ways, contributing to the rich cultural heritage of Sufism.

The Sufi Path in Modern Times

Revival and adaptation in the contemporary world

The Sufi path has experienced a revival and adaptation in the contemporary world, as people seek to explore the depths of spirituality and connect with the divine. In recent times, there has been a renewed interest in Sufism, which has led to a proliferation of Sufi communities, centers, and organizations worldwide.

One of the primary reasons for this revival is the increasing recognition of the importance of spirituality in modern life. People are seeking meaning and purpose beyond the material realm, and Sufism offers a rich and transformative spiritual tradition that speaks to the soul.

Moreover, the adaptability of Sufism has allowed it to thrive in contemporary contexts. Sufi teachings have been translated into modern languages, and Sufi practices have been adapted to fit the needs of contemporary society. For example, many Sufi centers now offer meditation, yoga, and other forms of mindfulness practices, which have been shown to have a positive impact on mental health and well-being.

Another factor contributing to the revival of Sufism is the influence of globalization. With the increasing interconnectedness of the world, people are exposed to diverse spiritual traditions, including Sufism. As a result, Sufism has gained a broader audience, and its teachings have influenced various fields, such as art, music, and literature.

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In conclusion, the revival and adaptation of Sufism in the contemporary world reflects a growing interest in spirituality and a desire to connect with the divine. As Sufism continues to evolve, it remains a vital source of wisdom and inspiration for seekers of truth, offering a path to spiritual enlightenment and inner transformation.

Challenges and opportunities for the contemporary seeker

Navigating the Urban Landscape

In modern times, the seeker embarks on the Sufi path amidst the complexities of urban life. The city presents both challenges and opportunities for spiritual growth.

  • Distracted Environment: The constant hum of technology, traffic, and the fast-paced rhythm of city life can easily distract the seeker from focusing on the inner journey.
  • Disconnection from Nature: The urban landscape often separates individuals from the natural world, which is an essential aspect of Sufi teachings that emphasizes the interconnectedness of all creation.

Embracing Cultural Diversity

As the world becomes increasingly interconnected, the contemporary seeker may encounter individuals from diverse cultural backgrounds along the Sufi path. This presents an opportunity to:

  • Embrace Pluralism: Sufism has historically transcended cultural and religious boundaries, fostering an appreciation for the unity of all faiths. By engaging with individuals from different backgrounds, the seeker can develop a deeper understanding of the oneness of humanity.
  • Learn from Others: Each cultural tradition brings its unique perspectives and practices to the Sufi path. By engaging with individuals from different backgrounds, the seeker can broaden their understanding of Sufism and gain insights from various interpretations of mystical teachings.

Access to Knowledge and Resources

The digital age has made a wealth of information available to the contemporary seeker. This presents an opportunity to:

  • Study Sufi Classics: Access to digital libraries and online resources allows the seeker to explore classical Sufi texts, providing a foundation for their spiritual journey.
  • Connect with Sufi Communities: Online platforms facilitate connections with like-minded individuals and Sufi communities around the world, enabling the seeker to participate in virtual gatherings, events, and discussions.

The Role of Social Media

Social media platforms can both facilitate and hinder the seeker’s journey. While they offer opportunities for connection and sharing, they also present potential pitfalls:

  • Spiritual Materialism: The curated highlight reels of spiritual figures can create an illusion of spiritual attainment, leading the seeker down a path of spiritual materialism.
  • Misinformation: The proliferation of misinformation on social media can lead the seeker astray, presenting distorted or fabricated teachings that do not align with the authentic Sufi tradition.

By navigating these challenges and capitalizing on the opportunities presented by modern life, the contemporary seeker can embark on a meaningful journey along the Sufi path.

Further resources and guidance for the spiritual journey

The Role of Spiritual Teachers in Modern Sufism

In contemporary times, spiritual teachers play a crucial role in guiding seekers along the Sufi path. These teachers are often experienced practitioners who have attained a high level of spiritual development and are able to provide personalized guidance and support to those on the path.

Sufi Centers and Communities

Sufi centers and communities offer a supportive environment for spiritual growth and development. These centers often provide regular gatherings for meditation, prayer, and study, as well as opportunities for fellowship and community building. Many centers also offer classes and workshops on various aspects of Sufism, providing a rich resource for those seeking to deepen their understanding and practice.

Writings and Teachings of Sufi Masters

The writings and teachings of Sufi masters remain an invaluable resource for those on the spiritual journey. From classical Sufi texts such as the works of Rumi and Ibn Arabi, to contemporary authors like Llewellyn Vaughan-Lee and Kabir Helminski, the wisdom of Sufi masters can provide guidance and inspiration at every stage of the path.

Online Resources and Communities

In recent years, the internet has become a valuable resource for those seeking to explore the Sufi path. There are now numerous websites, online forums, and social media groups dedicated to Sufism, providing a wealth of information and resources for those on the spiritual journey. Additionally, many Sufi teachers and communities now offer online classes and events, making it easier than ever for seekers to connect with the teachings and guidance of Sufism.

The Importance of a Supportive Community

As seekers journey along the Sufi path, it can be helpful to have a supportive community of fellow travelers. This can provide a sense of connection and belonging, as well as opportunities for mutual support and growth. Whether through attending gatherings at a Sufi center, participating in online communities, or simply connecting with others who share a passion for Sufism, having a supportive community can be an invaluable resource on the spiritual journey.

FAQs

1. What is Sufism?

Sufism is a mystical tradition within Islam that emphasizes spiritual growth and closeness to God. It is often referred to as “tasawwuf” or “tasawwufiyyah” and is practiced by millions of Muslims around the world.

2. What are the seven stages of Sufism?

The seven stages of Sufism are also known as the “Seven Stages of the Path” or “The Seven Steps of Sufism.” They are: 1) the stage of the seeker, 2) the stage of the traveler, 3) the stage of the initiate, 4) the stage of the student, 5) the stage of the servant, 6) the stage of the friend, and 7) the stage of the lover.

3. What is the first stage of Sufism?

The first stage of Sufism is the stage of the seeker. This stage is characterized by a person’s awareness of their own spiritual poverty and their desire to seek knowledge and guidance from a spiritual teacher.

4. What is the second stage of Sufism?

The second stage of Sufism is the stage of the traveler. This stage is characterized by a person’s journey towards God, during which they may face challenges and obstacles that test their faith and determination.

5. What is the third stage of Sufism?

The third stage of Sufism is the stage of the initiate. This stage is characterized by a person’s commitment to the path of Sufism and their willingness to undergo spiritual training and purification.

6. What is the fourth stage of Sufism?

The fourth stage of Sufism is the stage of the student. This stage is characterized by a person’s deepening understanding of the spiritual path and their ability to apply spiritual teachings to their daily life.

7. What is the fifth stage of Sufism?

The fifth stage of Sufism is the stage of the servant. This stage is characterized by a person’s selfless service to others and their devotion to God.

8. What is the sixth stage of Sufism?

The sixth stage of Sufism is the stage of the friend. This stage is characterized by a person’s close relationship with God and their ability to communicate with Him directly.

9. What is the seventh stage of Sufism?

The seventh stage of Sufism is the stage of the lover. This stage is characterized by a person’s complete submission to God and their ability to experience His presence constantly.

10. Is it necessary to go through all seven stages of Sufism?

While it is not necessary to go through all seven stages of Sufism, many practitioners believe that following the path in its entirety leads to a deeper understanding of spiritual truths and a closer relationship with God. However, some people may find that they are naturally drawn to certain stages and choose to focus on those instead.

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