Islam is a monotheistic religion that emerged in the 7th century in the Arabian Peninsula. It is based on the belief in one God, Allah, and the prophets of God, including Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad. The basic beliefs of Islam are centered around the Five Pillars, which are the foundation of the religion. These pillars include the declaration of faith, prayer, fasting, giving to charity, and making a pilgrimage to Mecca. In addition to these pillars, there are other beliefs that are fundamental to Islam, such as the belief in the last judgment, the existence of angels, and the importance of the Quran. Understanding these basic beliefs is essential for anyone who wants to gain a deeper understanding of Islam and its teachings. In this guide, we will explore the fundamental beliefs of Islam and their significance in the religion.

What is Islam?

The Origins of Islam

Islam is a monotheistic religion that originated in the Arabian Peninsula in the 7th century. It is based on the belief in one God, Allah, and the prophets of God, including Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and finally, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). The fundamental beliefs of Islam are derived from the Quran, the holy book of Islam, and the teachings of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).

The Life of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was born in Mecca in the year 570 CE. He was the son of Abdullah and Amina, and his father died before he was born. His mother died when he was just six years old, and he was raised by his grandfather and later his uncle.

As a young man, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) worked as a trader and a shepherd. He was known for his honesty and integrity, and he became a respected figure in Mecca. However, he was also known for his opposition to the idol worship that was prevalent in Mecca at the time.

At the age of 25, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) married Khadija, a wealthy merchant who was 15 years older than him. They had several children together, but only their daughter Fatima survived to adulthood.

In 610 CE, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) received his first revelation from Allah while meditating in a cave on Mount Hira. Over the next 23 years, he received many more revelations, which were compiled into the Quran after his death.

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) preached the message of Islam to the people of Mecca, but he faced much opposition from the ruling elite. He and his followers were persecuted, and in 622 CE, they fled to Medina, where they established the first Muslim community.

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) continued to preach and teach in Medina, and he also led his followers in battle against the Meccans and other enemies of Islam. He died in 632 CE, at the age of 63, and he is revered by Muslims as the last and greatest of the prophets.

The Revelation of the Quran

The Quran is the holy book of Islam, and it is believed to be the word of Allah as revealed to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). The Quran is written in Arabic, and it consists of 114 chapters, or surahs, which are arranged roughly by length.

The Quran contains a wide range of topics, including beliefs, morality, law, and history. It emphasizes the oneness of Allah, the importance of prayer and charity, and the need for believers to follow the teachings of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).

The Quran also contains many stories from the past, including the stories of Adam, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus. These stories are meant to provide lessons and guidance for believers.

Muslims believe that the Quran is the final and complete revelation of Allah’s will to humanity, and they consider it to be the literal word of God. They believe that the Quran is timeless and relevant, and that it contains guidance for all people, regardless of their time or place.

The Essence of Islam

Islam is a monotheistic religion founded in the 7th century in the Arabian Peninsula. It is based on the belief in one God (Allah) and the prophets of God, including Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad. The religion is built on the principles of the Five Pillars, which include the declaration of faith, prayer, fasting, giving to charity, and making a pilgrimage to Mecca.

The Oneness of God (Tawheed)

The Oneness of God, or Tawheed, is the foundation of Islamic belief. Muslims believe in one God who is omnipotent, merciful, and compassionate. This belief is reinforced through the Five Pillars, which encourage daily prayer and reflection on the nature of God. The concept of Tawheed is central to the Islamic faith and distinguishes it from other monotheistic religions.

The Importance of the Five Pillars

The Five Pillars are the core practices of Islam and serve as a guide for believers to live a righteous life. The pillars include the declaration of faith, prayer, fasting, giving to charity, and making a pilgrimage to Mecca. These practices are seen as essential to achieving spiritual growth and connecting with God. By following the Five Pillars, Muslims believe they can lead a fulfilling life and attain paradise in the afterlife.

The Five Pillars of Islam

Key takeaway:
Islam is a monotheistic religion founded in the 7th century in the Arabian Peninsula. It is based on the belief in one God, Allah, and the prophets of God, including Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and finally, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). The fundamental beliefs of Islam are derived from the Quran, the holy book of Islam, and the teachings of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). The Five Pillars of Islam include the declaration of faith, prayer, fasting, giving to charity, and making a pilgrimage to Mecca. The Quran and Hadith are important texts in Islam, with the Quran being considered the word of Allah and Hadith providing guidance on matters of belief and practice. The Islamic concept of Tawhid emphasizes the unity of God, and angels play a significant role in Islamic belief. The prophets hold great significance in Islamic tradition, and their life and teachings are revered by Muslims worldwide. Finally, the Islamic concepts of Jannah (Heaven) and Naar (Hell) emphasize the importance of leading a righteous life and avoiding major sins to attain Paradise or avoid Hell in the afterlife.

The Declaration of Faith

The Declaration of Faith is the first of the Five Pillars of Islam and is considered to be the foundation of a Muslim’s faith. It is a simple yet profound statement that encapsulates the essence of Islamic belief. The statement consists of two parts: “La ilaha illa Allah” and “Muhammadun Rasul Allah.”

The Testimony of Faith

The Testimony of Faith, also known as the Shahada, is the first part of the Declaration of Faith. It is a statement of monotheism, declaring that there is only one God (Allah) and that Muhammad is His prophet. This statement is considered to be the cornerstone of Islamic belief and is recited by Muslims around the world.

The Meaning of the Testimony of Faith

The Testimony of Faith is a profound statement that carries great significance for Muslims. It represents a person’s commitment to the one true God and their acceptance of Muhammad as His prophet. It is a declaration of faith that sets a person apart from the rest of the world and marks them as a member of the Muslim community. The Testimony of Faith is not just a simple statement, but a way of life that guides a Muslim’s actions and behavior. It is a constant reminder of the belief in one God and the importance of following His teachings as revealed through His prophets, including Muhammad.

Prayer (Salat)

The Obligatory Prayers

In Islam, prayer is one of the five fundamental pillars, and it is an act of worship that is compulsory for all Muslims. The obligatory prayers, also known as the daily prayers, are performed five times a day. They are Fajr, Dhuhr, Asr, Maghrib, and Isha. Each prayer has a specific time and method of performance.

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Fajr prayer is performed at dawn, Dhuhr prayer is performed in the middle of the day, Asr prayer is performed in the late afternoon, Maghrib prayer is performed at sunset, and Isha prayer is performed after sunset. These prayers are considered to be the backbone of the Islamic faith, and they are performed in congregation in mosques or at home.

The Timings and Method of Prayer

The timings of the prayers are based on the sun’s position in the sky, and they are performed in the early morning, afternoon, late afternoon, evening, and night. The method of prayer involves the recitation of specific verses from the Quran, followed by a series of physical movements such as bowing, prostrating, and standing.

The prayer is considered to be a direct communication between the individual and Allah, and it is a way of expressing gratitude, seeking forgiveness, and asking for guidance. The act of prayer is considered to be one of the most important acts of worship in Islam, and it is an obligation that is required of all Muslims.

In addition to the obligatory prayers, there are also other forms of prayer such as the Friday prayer, which is performed in congregation, and the prayer of need, which is performed in times of distress or hardship.

It is important to note that the prayer is not just a physical act, but it is also a spiritual act that requires concentration, devotion, and a sincere heart. It is also important to note that the prayer is not just an individual act, but it is also a communal act that brings Muslims together in unity and harmony.

Fasting (Sawm)

The Purpose of Fasting

Fasting, or Sawm in Arabic, is one of the Five Pillars of Islam and involves abstaining from food, drink, and other physical needs from dawn to sunset during the month of Ramadan. The purpose of fasting is to develop self-control, increase spirituality, and draw closer to Allah. It is also a way to show solidarity with those who are less fortunate and to purify the soul.

The Month of Ramadan

Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar and is observed by Muslims worldwide as a time of fasting, prayer, and reflection. It is a time to focus on spiritual growth and to strengthen one’s relationship with Allah. The month is also marked by increased charity and good deeds, as well as a focus on the Quran and its teachings. The end of Ramadan is celebrated with the festival of Eid al-Fitr, which marks the end of the fast and the beginning of a new month.

Zakat

The Concept of Charity

Zakat is one of the most important principles in Islam, and it is based on the concept of charity. The word “zakat” itself means “purification,” and it is believed that by giving to those in need, individuals can purify their wealth and soul. It is considered a mandatory act of worship in Islam, and it is one of the Five Pillars of Islam.

The Obligation of Zakat

In Islam, every adult, sane, and free Muslim who has possession of a certain amount of wealth is obligated to pay zakat. The specific amount of wealth that triggers the obligation to pay zakat is known as the “nisab,” which is equivalent to the value of 85 grams of gold or 5920 grams of silver. The wealth that is subject to zakat includes money, gold, silver, investments, and other forms of wealth.

Zakat is typically paid to certain categories of people who are eligible to receive it, such as the poor, the needy, and those who are in debt. The money collected from zakat is used to help those in need and to support various charitable causes.

It is important to note that zakat is different from other forms of charity, such as sadaqah, which is voluntary and can be given at any time. Zakat, on the other hand, is mandatory and must be paid at a specific time of the year.

Muslims believe that by paying zakat, they are fulfilling one of the key obligations of their faith and helping to create a more just and equitable society. It is seen as a way to purify one’s wealth and to demonstrate gratitude for the blessings that Allah has bestowed upon them.

Hajj

The Pilgrimage to Mecca

Hajj is the fifth and final pillar of Islam, and it is considered one of the most important religious obligations for all able-bodied Muslims. The pilgrimage involves a journey to the holy city of Mecca, located in Saudi Arabia, where Muslims believe that the Prophet Muhammad received his first revelation from Allah.

The Significance of Hajj

Hajj is significant for several reasons. Firstly, it is a demonstration of a Muslim’s faith and commitment to Allah. It involves performing various rituals and rites, such as circling the Kaaba, the holiest site in Islam, and throwing pebbles at the devil, which represents overcoming temptation and evil.

Secondly, Hajj is a way for Muslims to purify their souls and seek forgiveness for their sins. By performing the pilgrimage, Muslims believe that they can leave behind their worldly desires and focus on their spiritual well-being.

Lastly, Hajj is an opportunity for Muslims to come together and unite in their faith. During the pilgrimage, Muslims from all over the world come together to perform the same rituals and rites, regardless of their nationality, ethnicity, or socioeconomic status. This unity is a powerful reminder of the shared beliefs and values that bind the Muslim community together.

The Role of the Quran and Hadith in Islam

The Quran

The Quran is the central religious text of Islam and is considered the word of God as revealed to the Prophet Muhammad. It is believed by Muslims to be the final and complete revelation of God’s will to humanity, and as such, it is the primary source of Islamic law, theology, and ethics.

The Revelation and Structure of the Quran

The Quran was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad over a period of 23 years, beginning in the year 610 CE when he was 40 years old. The revelations were received by the Prophet in stages, typically through the angel Gabriel, and were recorded by his companions. The Quran is organized into 114 chapters, or surahs, which are arranged roughly by length. Each surah has a unique theme and covers a range of topics, including theology, ethics, and social issues.

The Importance of the Quran in Islam

The Quran is considered the foundation of Islamic belief and practice, and it is believed by Muslims to be the literal word of God. It is the primary source of Islamic law, and its teachings are used to guide the behavior and actions of Muslims. The Quran also serves as a source of comfort and guidance for Muslims, and it is widely studied and recited by Muslims around the world. In addition, the Quran is considered a miracle by Muslims, and its beauty and eloquence are often cited as evidence of its divine origin.

Hadith

Hadith are a collection of sayings, actions, and approvals of the Prophet Muhammad. They are considered to be an important source of guidance and law for Muslims, second only to the Quran.

The Authenticity and Significance of Hadith

The authenticity of Hadith is of utmost importance in Islamic scholarship. Scholars carefully examine the chain of transmission (isnad) to ensure the Hadith is reliable. Many Hadith collections have been compiled and verified for authenticity over the centuries.

The significance of Hadith lies in the fact that they provide a practical interpretation of the Quran and a window into the life of the Prophet Muhammad. They offer guidance on how to live as a Muslim and how to practice the religion.

The Role of Hadith in Understanding Islam

Hadith play a crucial role in understanding Islam as they provide insight into the teachings and practices of the Prophet Muhammad. They offer guidance on matters such as prayer, fasting, charity, and the treatment of others. Hadith also provide context for the Quranic verses and help to clarify their meaning.

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It is important to note that while Hadith are a valuable source of information, they should be studied critically and in conjunction with the Quran. Some Hadith may be weak or fabricated, and scholars must exercise caution when interpreting them.

The Islamic Concept of Tawhid (Oneness of God)

The Unity of God

The Unity of God is a fundamental belief in Islam that centers around the idea that there is only one God, who is the creator and sustainer of the universe. This belief is considered the cornerstone of the Islamic faith and is shared by both Sunni and Shia Muslims.

The Attributes of God

In Islam, God is believed to have infinite attributes, including omnipotence, omniscience, and omnipresence. These attributes are considered to be beyond human comprehension and are often described in metaphorical terms.

The Oneness of God in Islam

The Oneness of God is a central tenet of Islam that is derived from the belief in the unity of God’s attributes. This belief is expressed in the Islamic declaration of faith, which states that there is no god but God and that Muhammad is His messenger.

Muslims believe that the concept of the Oneness of God is expressed in the Quran, which is considered to be the word of God as revealed to the Prophet Muhammad. The Quran emphasizes the importance of believing in the Oneness of God and warns against associating partners with Him.

The Oneness of God is also expressed in the Five Pillars of Islam, which are the fundamental practices of the Islamic faith. The first pillar, the declaration of faith, affirms the belief in the Oneness of God.

Overall, the Unity of God is a fundamental belief in Islam that is expressed through the attributes of God and the Oneness of God in Islam. This belief is considered to be the cornerstone of the Islamic faith and is expressed in the Quran and the Five Pillars of Islam.

The Role of Angels in Islam

The Existence of Angels

Islam believes in the existence of angels, who are created by Allah and are superior to human beings in terms of their abilities and obedience to Allah. Angels are believed to have been created from light and are considered to be the best of Allah’s creation. They are responsible for carrying out Allah’s commands and performing various tasks in the universe.

The Role of Angels in the Life of Human Beings

In Islam, angels play a significant role in the life of human beings. Each individual has a guardian angel who is responsible for protecting them and recording their deeds. The angel of death is also believed to take the soul of a person at the time of their death. Additionally, angels are believed to play a role in the distribution of blessings and trials in the lives of individuals. They are also believed to assist believers in their prayers and provide them with guidance and support.

Islamic teachings also state that angels do not disobey Allah’s commands and are always in His service. They are considered to be the messengers of Allah and are responsible for conveying His messages to human beings.

It is important to note that while Islam believes in the existence of angels, it also emphasizes the importance of focusing on Allah and seeking His guidance and assistance, rather than seeking help from angels or any other created beings.

The Importance of the Prophets in Islam

The Importance of Prophets in Islamic Belief

The Role of Prophets in Guiding Humanity

In Islamic belief, prophets play a crucial role in guiding humanity towards the right path. They are considered to be the chosen ones by Allah, who entrust them with the responsibility of conveying His message to humanity. These prophets serve as a source of guidance and wisdom, teaching people about the importance of monotheism, righteousness, and the observance of religious obligations. Through their teachings, prophets help people understand the purpose of their existence and the importance of living a virtuous life.

The Importance of Prophets in Islamic Spirituality

In addition to their role in guiding humanity, prophets hold great significance in Islamic spirituality. Muslims believe that prophets possess exceptional spiritual qualities and are endowed with immense knowledge and wisdom. By following the teachings of the prophets, Muslims can cultivate their spiritual growth and seek guidance in their daily lives. The teachings of the prophets provide a roadmap for spiritual development, emphasizing the importance of compassion, humility, and selflessness. Through their examples, Muslims learn to lead a life of piety and righteousness, striving to emulate the virtues of the prophets and achieve spiritual growth.

By recognizing the importance of prophets in Islamic belief, Muslims are inspired to follow their teachings and emulate their examples. The prophets serve as a source of guidance and inspiration, helping Muslims navigate the challenges of life and strive towards spiritual growth.

The Prophets in Islamic Tradition

The Life and Teachings of the Prophets

In Islamic tradition, prophets are considered to be important figures who were chosen by Allah to guide humanity towards the right path. They were sent with divine messages to their respective communities, conveying the will of Allah and providing guidance on various aspects of life. These prophets were chosen for their righteousness, purity, and dedication to Allah’s cause. They were given the task of teaching their communities about the oneness of Allah, the importance of following His commandments, and the accountability of individuals in the afterlife.

The life and teachings of the prophets are revered in Islamic tradition, and their stories are recounted in the Quran and other Islamic texts. The Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, is considered the last in a long line of prophets sent by Allah to humanity. He was chosen to complete the message of previous prophets and to provide a comprehensive and final message to all of humanity.

The Importance of Following the Prophets

Following the prophets is considered crucial in Islam, as they were chosen by Allah to guide humanity towards the right path. The prophets were given divine messages that were intended to help individuals lead a righteous life and attain salvation in the afterlife. By following the teachings of the prophets, individuals can learn how to live a life that is pleasing to Allah and how to avoid the pitfalls that may lead them astray.

Moreover, following the prophets is seen as a way of demonstrating one’s devotion to Allah and His message. It is believed that by emulating the teachings and example of the prophets, individuals can draw closer to Allah and gain His blessings. This is why it is essential for Muslims to study the lives and teachings of the prophets and to strive to follow their example in their own lives.

Overall, the prophets play a crucial role in Islamic tradition, and their life and teachings are revered by Muslims worldwide. Following the prophets is considered essential for leading a righteous life and attaining salvation in the afterlife. By studying the lives and teachings of the prophets, individuals can gain a deeper understanding of Islam and how to live a life that is pleasing to Allah.

The Islamic Concept of Jannah (Heaven) and Naar (Hell)

The Belief in the Hereafter

The Concept of Life After Death

The belief in life after death is a fundamental tenet of Islam. Muslims believe that every individual will face death and be held accountable for their actions in this life. The concept of life after death is closely tied to the belief in the Day of Judgment, where every person will be judged according to their deeds in this life.

The Belief in Jannah and Naar

Muslims believe in two places of eternal existence, Jannah (Heaven) and Naar (Hell). Jannah is considered the ultimate reward for believers who live a righteous life and do good deeds. It is described as a place of immense beauty and joy, where the inhabitants will enjoy the company of loved ones and the blessings of Allah.

On the other hand, Naar (Hell) is considered a place of punishment for those who reject Allah’s guidance or commit major sins. It is described as a place of intense suffering and pain, where the inhabitants will be separated from Allah’s mercy and grace.

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Muslims believe that the state of one’s soul after death depends on their deeds in this life. Those who lived a righteous life will go to Jannah, while those who committed major sins will go to Naar. Muslims are encouraged to live a righteous life and to perform good deeds in order to increase their chances of going to Jannah.

It is important to note that while the concept of life after death and the belief in Jannah and Naar are fundamental beliefs in Islam, Muslims are encouraged to focus on living a righteous life in this world rather than solely focusing on the afterlife.

The Attributes of Jannah

Jannah, also known as Paradise, is the Islamic concept of heaven. It is the ultimate destination for believers who lead a righteous life and fulfill their religious obligations. According to Islamic teachings, Jannah is a place of eternal bliss and beauty, where believers will enjoy the blessings and rewards of their good deeds.

The Blessings of Jannah

Jannah is a place of pure pleasure and enjoyment. The blessings of Jannah are numerous and varied, and include:

  • Pleasure and happiness: Jannah is a place of eternal joy and happiness, where believers will be free from all sorrow and pain.
  • Provisions: Jannah is a place of abundance, where believers will be provided with all their needs and desires.
  • Luxury: Jannah is a place of grandeur and magnificence, where believers will be able to indulge in the finest things in life.
  • Comfort: Jannah is a place of peace and tranquility, where believers will be able to rest and relax in comfort.

The Conditions for Entering Jannah

To enter Jannah, believers must fulfill certain conditions, including:

  • Belief in Allah and His messengers: To enter Jannah, one must have faith in Allah and His messengers, and follow their teachings.
  • Good deeds: To enter Jannah, one must perform good deeds and avoid evil actions.
  • Patience and perseverance: To enter Jannah, one must be patient and persevere in the face of hardship and adversity.
  • Fear of Allah: To enter Jannah, one must fear Allah and avoid disobeying His commands.

Overall, Jannah is a place of eternal bliss and beauty, where believers will enjoy the blessings and rewards of their good deeds. To enter Jannah, one must fulfill certain conditions, including belief in Allah and His messengers, good deeds, patience and perseverance, and fear of Allah.

The Attributes of Naar

The Punishment of Naar

Naar, also known as Hell in English, is a place of punishment and torment in Islamic belief. It is described as a fiery furnace with flames that never die out, where the souls of the wicked are punished for their sins. The punishment in Naar is said to be so severe that even a single moment of it is considered to be greater than all the pleasures and riches of this world.

The Conditions for Entering Naar

In Islamic belief, one can enter Naar by committing major sins such as disbelief, associating partners with Allah, murder, and not making up for it, etc. Additionally, those who are disobedient to Allah and His Messenger, those who refuse to pray, give zakat, fast, and perform Hajj, and those who engage in major sins with no repentance are also said to enter Naar.


Naar is described as a place of darkness, where there is no light, and no hope. It is also said to be a place of despair, where the souls of the wicked are tormented with flames and hot winds. The heat of Naar is said to be so intense that it can melt iron and other metals.

In Islamic belief, Naar is also described as a place of isolation, where the souls of the wicked are cut off from the blessings and mercy of Allah. They are deprived of the pleasure of seeing Allah’s face, and they are deprived of the company of the righteous.

Moreover, Naar is also described as a place of punishment and torment, where the souls of the wicked are punished for their sins. The punishment in Naar is said to be so severe that it cannot be described in words, and it is said to be beyond human comprehension.

It is important to note that while Naar is a real place in Islamic belief, it is not a place of eternal torment. Instead, it is a temporary abode for the souls of the wicked until the Day of Judgment, when they will be judged and sent either to Jannah or to another place of punishment.

FAQs

1. What are the basic beliefs of Islam?

Islam is a monotheistic religion based on the belief in one God (Allah) and the prophets of God, including Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad. The basic beliefs of Islam include the oneness of God, the last judgment, the importance of the Five Pillars, and the teachings of the Quran and Hadith.

2. What is the Quran?

The Quran is the central religious text of Islam, believed by Muslims to be the word of God as revealed to the Prophet Muhammad. It is considered the final and complete revelation of God’s will to humanity, and is used as a source of guidance and wisdom for Muslims.

3. What are the Five Pillars of Islam?

The Five Pillars of Islam are the core practices of the religion, and include the declaration of faith, prayer, fasting, giving to charity, and making a pilgrimage to Mecca. These practices are considered essential for spiritual growth and are required of all able-bodied Muslims.

4. What is the significance of the Prophet Muhammad in Islam?

The Prophet Muhammad is considered the final prophet and messenger of God, and is revered by Muslims as the perfect example of how to live according to Islamic teachings. His teachings and example are considered crucial for understanding and practicing Islam.

5. What is the importance of the Hadith in Islam?

The Hadith are a collection of sayings and actions of the Prophet Muhammad, and are considered a crucial source of guidance and wisdom for Muslims. They are used to interpret the Quran and provide examples of how to apply Islamic teachings in daily life.

6. What is the Islamic concept of God?

The Islamic concept of God is that of a single, all-powerful, and all-knowing deity who is the creator and sustainer of the universe. God is considered merciful, compassionate, and just, and is the source of all moral guidance and authority.

7. What is the Islamic view on Jesus?

In Islam, Jesus is considered a prophet and messenger of God, sent to the children of Israel with a divine message. Muslims believe in the virgin birth and miraculous nature of Jesus, but do not consider him to be the son of God or a part of the Trinity.

8. What is the Islamic concept of the last judgment?

The Islamic concept of the last judgment is the belief in a final accounting of all human deeds, both good and bad, in which each individual will be held accountable for their actions in this life. The purpose of this judgment is to determine each person’s ultimate fate, either reward or punishment, in the afterlife.

9. What is the role of women in Islam?

In Islam, women are considered equal to men in terms of their worth and dignity as human beings, and are granted rights and protections under the law. While there are certain cultural and social practices that may affect the role of women in society, these are not based on Islamic teachings, which emphasize equality and justice for all.

10. What is the Islamic perspective on war and violence?

In Islam, war and violence are only justified in self-defense or in the defense of the Muslim community. The Quran and Hadith emphasize the importance of peace and non-violence, and the Prophet Muhammad is known for his peaceful and diplomatic approach to resolving conflicts.

Basic Beliefs of Islam

By sufp

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